What is a legal description of property?

Definition of Legal Description

A legal description of property is a written statement that describes where a particular plot of land is located. This statement, which is also known as the land description or land boundary description, is a legal requirement and must be included on the deed to the property.

Why is this term important?

The legal description is a defined location of a tract of land by reference to a survey, recorded map or adjoining property. In many jurisdictions, the legal description is identified as a unique parcel identifier, a number that identifies the legal records, such as surveys and assigned plan numbers, that describe the specific parcel land.

The legal description is acceptable for registration in the land registry system.

Examples of term

Every piece of property has a legal description which you can look up in the land registry system.

In many parts of Canada, the original subdivision of crown land was done by township surveys. In Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and some parts of British Columbia. the land description is defined by the Dominion Land Survey, a method used to divide most of Western Canada into one-square-mile sections. This system was based on the Public Land Survey System that was used in the United States.