Definition of Zoning

Zoning is the way governments control, restrict and divide segments of land based on the permitted uses of that land. It’s a technique of land-use planning and a tool by a city’s planning department to create laws that specify what land areas in a city or county are designated for residential, recreational, industrial or commercial use.

Why is this term important?

Zoning protects land use and value through the use of restrictions. These restrictions can limit the use of the land, as well as the physical properties of the building or the use of the building. Zoning is the way the governments control the physical development of land.

Examples of term

Zoning laws might dictate that you can not build an apartment building over five stories in a certain area of a city or that you cannot operate a business out of a residential home.